The resurrection of believers is based on the Power of God in Christ

The resurrection of believers is based on that of Christ: τὸν κύριον ἤγειρεν καὶ ἡμᾶς ἐξεγερεῖ διὰ τῆς δυνάμεως αὐτοῦ (1 Cor. 6:14). The power which leads to resurrection is also the power of Christ. The changing of the body of humiliation into a body of glory is a hope grounded in the omnipotence of Christ: κατὰ τὴν ἐνέργειαν τοῦ δύνασθαι αὐτὸν καὶ ὑποτάξαι αὐτῷ τὰ πάντα (Phil. 3:21). The resurrection belongs to the final struggle when hostile forces will be definitively defeated. The Johannine Christ says: κἀγὼ δίδωμι αὐτοῖς ζωὴν αἰώνιον, καὶ οὐ μὴ ἀπόλωνται εἰς τὸν αἰῶνα, καὶ οὐχ ἁρπάσει τις αὐτὰ ἐκ τῆς χειρός μου. ὁ πατήρ μου ὃ δέδωκέν μοι πάντων μεῖζόν ἐστιν, καὶ οὐδεὶς δύναται ἁρπάζειν ἐκ τῆς χειρὸς τοῦ πατρός (Jn. 10:28 f.).107 Paul confesses that he has given up all things τοῦ γνῶναι αὐτὸν καὶ τὴν δύναμιν τῆς ἀναστάσεως αὐτοῦ (Phil. 3:10), which creates a new and eternal existence. There can be no eternity for human life except on the basis of the resurrection. Paul and the NT never speak of an immortal soul, or of deification by mysteries or magic, or of myths which reflect the hope of eternal life. They speak rather of the sovereign act of power which intervened in the history of Christ and which brought about His resurrection as the only basis of the new existence of Christians and of the eternal hope grounded in this existence in the power of the resurrection of Jesus.
If this view of the NT concept of power is correct, we can understand why Paul writes to the Corinthians: … γνώσομαι οὐ τὸν λόγον τῶν πεφυσιωμένων ἀλλὰ τὴν δύναμιν· οὐ γὰρ ἐν λόγῳ ἡ βασιλεία τοῦ θεοῦ, ἀλλʼ ἐν δυνάμει (1 Cor. 4:19 f.).108

Theological dictionary of the New Testament. 1964- (G. Kittel, G. W. Bromiley & G. Friedrich, Ed.) (electronic ed.). Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans.

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